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Apply for a Canadian citizenship

Apply for a Canadian Citizenship

According to the government of Canada, person is a Canadian citizen if:

  • They were born in Canada.

  • They became a citizen through the naturalization process in Canada (i.e., they were a permanent resident before they became a citizen);

  • They were born outside Canada and one of their parents (legal parent at birth or biological parent) was either born in Canada or naturalized in Canada before they were born. The person in this case is the first generation born outside Canada;

  • A person may be a Canadian citizen if they were born outside Canada from January 1, 1947, up to and including April 16, 2009, to a Canadian parent who was also born outside Canada to a Canadian parent (in this case, the person is the second or subsequent generation born outside Canada).

  • A person may be a Canadian citizen if they were adopted outside Canada by a Canadian parent on or after January 1, 1947.

NB: A child born in Canada to an accredited foreign diplomat is not Canadian at birth unless the other parent is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident at the time of the child's birth (3(2) of the Act).


Requirements to apply for Canadian citizenship for some of the applicant. They must:

  • be a permanent resident

  • have lived in Canada for at least 3 out of the last 5 years (1,095 days)

  • have filed your taxes if you need to

  • pass a citizenship test

  • prove your language skills in English or French

Other requirements may apply depending on the case.

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